Home of the Cathedral of the Plains
The current town of Victoria was originally established as two distinct communities. The first was Victoria, named after Queen Victoria, founded by 38 Scottish immigrants under the leadership of George Grant. The area was surveyed and platted in 1873. It was the hope of the immigrants to bring British agricultural methods and a genteel way of life to America. They failed in both respects. They did however bring the Aberdeen Angus cattle to the area. Most of the immigrants returned to Scotland within a few years. George Grant remained in the Victoria area and was buried in front of the St. George Episcopal Chapel. His grave can still be viewed on the northeast corner of 1st Street and an unnamed vacated street.
The original town site of Victoria was area generally south of today's railroad tracks and east of Main Street. Victoria's birth as a town site is closely tied to the construction of the Kansas Pacific Railroad through the area. A memorial on the south side of town marks the graves of six track workers killed near here by Cheyenne Indians in 1867 while working on the new rail line.
Herzog was founded April 8, 1876 by twenty-three families of German immigrants from the steppes of Southern Russian around the Volga River where their ancestors had migrated a century before at the invitation of Empress Catherine the Great. Unhappy with the Czar's military prescription and fearful of the Russian attitude toward their Catholic and Lutheran faith, they left Russia in search of farmland in the United States. Within weeks of their arrival, Fr. Adolph Wibbert celebrated Mass in the home of Alois Dreiling. By 1877 plans were made and work was begun on a permanent church measuring 60 by 30 feet dedicated to the Sorrowful Mother. Herzog was generally located west of Cathedral and north of 12th Street. The magnificent limestone St. Fidelis Church, the Cathedral of the Plains, is the most recent church built by the German settlers of Herzog. It was dedicated August 27, 1911
A historical marker on the south side of town describes the settlement of both Victoria and Herzog
Just as the Kansas Pacific Railroad had a major impact on the City' physical, social, and economic development in the 1800's, the construction of Interstate 70 has had a profound effect on the City's more recent development. With the link between Russell, Kansas to the east and Hays, Kansas to the west which was completed in 1966, the City of Victoria was connected to the growing national network of interstate highways. In addition to connecting Victoria with the interstate system, the completion of I-70 also transformed the physical development of the City. Prior to the completion of 1-70, east-west vehicular traffic used U.S. Highway 40, which ran along the southern boundary of Victoria. After completion of I-70 to the north, urban development began moving in that direction.
Since 1900, the City of Victoria had grown from a population of 507 to a 1990 population of 1467. However the latest census figures published by the State of Kansas, Division of the Budget, shows a population figure of 1226.
1005 Fourth / Victoria, KS 67671
|Visit the Home Page for Kansas
A service of the Kansas State Library
|© Copyright 2000
City of Victoria